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Federal Cybersecurity Employment: Navigating Through H.R. 4502

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    The introduction of H.R. 4502, or the “Modernizing the Acquisition of Cybersecurity Experts Act of 2023“, signifies a paradigm shift in the recruitment and evaluation norms of cybersecurity professionals in the competitive service of the United States. This bill underscores a broader, more inclusive approach, focusing on competence and practical skills over traditional educational qualifications, thereby nurturing a rich, diverse, and robust cybersecurity workforce. The bill, introduced by Representative Nancy Mace (South Carolina), has passed the House and has been referred to the Senate.


    • Inclusive Hiring: Loosening of stringent educational requirements in favor of skill and competency.

    • Transparent Measures: Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to publish annual updates related to changes in minimum qualifications and aggregate data of new hires.

    • Broader Talent Pool: Encouraging applicants from diverse educational and experiential backgrounds.

    • Competency Focus: Direct linkage between educational qualifications and specific job-related competencies.


    • Cybersecurity Hopefuls: Focus on building and showing practical skills and real-world knowledge in cybersecurity.

    • Employers: Prepare to adjust hiring processes to match the new guidelines, valuing practical skills as much as degrees.

    • Teachers and Trainers: Offer programs that focus on practical skills and not just theory in cybersecurity.

    • Advocates: Keep pushing for policies that make entering the cybersecurity field accessible and fair for everyone.


    Diving deeper into H.R. 4502, we get to see how it might change the world of cybersecurity employment, making it more accessible and practical.

    1. Balancing School and Skills

      Simply put, the bill says that education should only be a job requirement if the law says it’s needed. Plus, when looking at a person’s education, it should directly relate to the skills needed for the job.

    2. Keeping Things Clear and Honest

      The OPM will need to share updates about any changes to job requirements and also let people know about the educational levels of those getting hired, helping everyone stay in the loop.

    3. Bringing in a Mix of Talents

      By not focusing solely on formal education, the bill allows for more people, from different walks of life, to offer their cybersecurity skills and perspectives, which might give us a stronger defense against cyber threats.

    4. Ensuring a Strong Cybersecurity Future

      The focus is on roles in the GS-2210 IT management series and “cybersecurity” roles as described by the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE). The goal is to make sure that the folks in these crucial roles have the practical skills needed to tackle cybersecurity challenges head-on.

    H.R. 4502 is breaking the mold of traditional hiring in cybersecurity, aiming for a future where more people have a shot at these key roles and ensuring they have the right skills to do the job well. This is a step towards protecting our digital world with a skilled, diverse, and strong cybersecurity team.

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    Josh Moulin

    Josh Moulin has been in the cybersecurity field for over two decades and worked in a variety of roles. He is the founder and principal of Natsar, a cybersecurity company in New York, USA. Previously, he has served in roles including the Senior VP of Operations at the Center for Internet Security (CIS), commander of an FBI cybercrimes task force, director of an ASCLD/LAB accredited digital forensics lab, Chief Information Officer (CIO) and Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) of a national security program within the United States nuclear weapons enterprise, and an Executive Partner at Gartner, the world’s largest research and advisory company. Josh is considered an expert in cybersecurity, risk management, and organizational leadership and frequently engages with companies around the world on these and other topics. He has a Master of Science Degree in Information Security Assurance and the following certifications: CAWFE, CEH, CFCE, CHFI, CISSP, CNDA, DFCP, GCFA, GCFR, GCIA, GIME, and GSEC.

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